Poem for a Summer Day: “To Think of Time” by Walt Whitman

Posted: July 5, 2013 in Jazz, Rock Music
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Walt Whitman (1819 – 1892)

A favorite poet of mine, Whitman captured the essence of mid-19th century America.  Explosive growth westward, the rise of great cities, and the expanding minds of the men and women who witnessed a still young nation come into its own along with a Civil War that divided the nation, the abolition of slavery, and the rise of the United States as an industrial power.

In thinking about mortality and the introspection that comes so naturally with advancing years, Whitman wrote the look at mortality offered here.  I’ve coupled some songs that address the topic  as well as a partial reading of the poem below…

Enjoy the weekend!

“To Think of Time” – by Walt Whitman

To think of time–of all that retrospection!

To think of to-day, and the ages continued henceforward!

Have you guess’d you yourself would not continue?


Have you dreaded these earth-beetles?

Have you fear’d the future would be nothing to you?

Is to-day nothing? Is the beginningless past nothing?

If the future is nothing, they are just as surely nothing.


To think that the sun rose in the east! that men and women were

flexible, real, alive! that everything was alive!

To think that you and I did not see, feel, think, nor bear our part!

To think that we are now here, and bear our part!


Not a day passes–not a minute or second, without an accouchement!

Not a day passes–not a minute or second, without a corpse!


The dull nights go over, and the dull days also,

The soreness of lying so much in bed goes over,

The physician, after long putting off, gives the silent and terrible

look for an answer,

The children come hurried and weeping, and the brothers and sisters

are sent for,

Medicines stand unused on the shelf–(the camphor-smell has long

pervaded the rooms,)

The faithful hand of the living does not desert the hand of the


The twitching lips press lightly on the forehead of the dying,

The breath ceases, and the pulse of the heart ceases,

The corpse stretches on the bed, and the living look upon it,

It is palpable as the living are palpable.

The living look upon the corpse with their eye-sight,

But without eye-sight lingers a different living, and looks curiously

on the corpse.


To think the thought of Death, merged in the thought of materials!

To think that the rivers will flow, and the snow fall, and fruits

ripen, and act upon others as upon us now–yet not act upon us!

To think of all these wonders of city and country, and others taking

great interest in them–and we taking no interest in them!


To think how eager we are in building our houses!

To think others shall be just as eager, and we quite indifferent!


(I see one building the house that serves him a few years, or seventy

or eighty years at most,

I see one building the house that serves him longer than that.)

Slow-moving and black lines creep over the whole earth–they never

cease–they are the burial lines,

He that was President was buried, and he that is now President shall

surely be buried.

A reminiscence of the vulgar fate,

A frequent sample of the life and death of workmen,

Each after his kind:

Cold dash of waves at the ferry-wharf–posh and ice in the river,

half-frozen mud in the streets, a gray, discouraged sky

overhead, the short, last daylight of Twelfth-month,

A hearse and stages–other vehicles give place–the funeral of an old

Broadway stage-driver, the cortege mostly drivers.

Steady the trot to the cemetery, duly rattles the death-bell, the

gate is pass’d, the new-dug grave is halted at, the living

alight, the hearse uncloses,

The coffin is pass’d out, lower’d and settled, the whip is laid on

the coffin, the earth is swiftly shovel’d in,

The mound above is flatted with the spades–silence,

A minute–no one moves or speaks–it is done,

He is decently put away–is there anything more?

He was a good fellow, free-mouth’d, quick-temper’d, not bad-looking,

able to take his own part, witty, sensitive to a slight, ready

with life or death for a friend, fond of women, gambled, ate

hearty, drank hearty, had known what it was to be flush, grew

low-spirited toward the last, sicken’d, was help’d by a

contribution, died, aged forty-one years–and that was his


Thumb extended, finger uplifted, apron, cape, gloves, strap, wet-

weather clothes, whip carefully chosen, boss, spotter, starter,

hostler, somebody loafing on you, you loafing on somebody,

headway, man before and man behind, good day’s work, bad day’s

work, pet stock, mean stock, first out, last out, turning-in at


To think that these are so much and so nigh to other drivers–and he

there takes no interest in them!


The markets, the government, the working-man’s wages–to think what

account they are through our nights and days!

To think that other working-men will make just as great account of

them–yet we make little or no account!


The vulgar and the refined–what you call sin, and what you call

goodness–to think how wide a difference!

To think the difference will still continue to others, yet we lie

beyond the difference.

To think how much pleasure there is!

Have you pleasure from looking at the sky? have you pleasure from


Do you enjoy yourself in the city? or engaged in business? or

planning a nomination and election? or with your wife and


Or with your mother and sisters? or in womanly housework? or the

beautiful maternal cares?

–These also flow onward to others–you and I flow onward,

But in due time, you and I shall take less interest in them.


Your farm, profits, crops,–to think how engross’d you are!

To think there will still be farms, profits, crops–yet for you, of

what avail?

What will be, will be well–for what is, is well,

To take interest is well, and not to take interest shall be well.

The sky continues beautiful,

The pleasure of men with women shall never be sated, nor the pleasure

of women with men, nor the pleasure from poems,

The domestic joys, the daily housework or business, the building of

houses–these are not phantasms–they have weight, form,


Farms, profits, crops, markets, wages, government, are none of them


The difference between sin and goodness is no delusion,

The earth is not an echo–man and his life, and all the things of his

life, are well-consider’d.

You are not thrown to the winds–you gather certainly and safely

around yourself;

Yourself! Yourself! Yourself, forever and ever!


It is not to diffuse you that you were born of your mother and

father–it is to identify you;

It is not that you should be undecided, but that you should be


Something long preparing and formless is arrived and form’d in you,

You are henceforth secure, whatever comes or goes.


The threads that were spun are gather’d, the weft crosses the warp,

the pattern is systematic.

The preparations have every one been justified,

The orchestra have sufficiently tuned their instruments–the baton

has given the signal.

The guest that was coming–he waited long, for reasons–he is now


He is one of those who are beautiful and happy–he is one of those

that to look upon and be with is enough.

The law of the past cannot be eluded,

The law of the present and future cannot be eluded,

The law of the living cannot be eluded–it is eternal,

The law of promotion and transformation cannot be eluded,

The law of heroes and good-doers cannot be eluded,

The law of drunkards, informers, mean persons–not one iota thereof

can be eluded.

Slow moving and black lines go ceaselessly over the earth,

Northerner goes carried, and Southerner goes carried, and they on the

Atlantic side, and they on the Pacific, and they between, and

all through the Mississippi country, and all over the earth.

The great masters and kosmos are well as they go–the heroes and

good-doers are well,

The known leaders and inventors, and the rich owners and pious and

distinguish’d, may be well,

But there is more account than that–there is strict account of all.


The interminable hordes of the ignorant and wicked are not nothing,

The barbarians of Africa and Asia are not nothing,

The common people of Europe are not nothing–the American aborigines

are not nothing,

The infected in the immigrant hospital are not nothing–the murderer

or mean person is not nothing,

The perpetual successions of shallow people are not nothing as they


The lowest prostitute is not nothing–the mocker of religion is not

nothing as he goes.


Of and in all these things,

I have dream’d that we are not to be changed so much, nor the law of

us changed,

I have dream’d that heroes and good-doers shall be under the present

and past law,

And that murderers, drunkards, liars, shall be under the present and

past law,

For I have dream’d that the law they are under now is enough.


If otherwise, all came but to ashes of dung,

If maggots and rats ended us, then Alarum! for we are betray’d!

Then indeed suspicion of death.


Do you suspect death? If I were to suspect death, I should die now,

Do you think I could walk pleasantly and well-suited toward


Pleasantly and well-suited I walk,

Whither I walk I cannot define, but I know it is good,

The whole universe indicates that it is good,

The past and the present indicate that it is good.


How beautiful and perfect are the animals!

How perfect the earth, and the minutest thing upon it!

What is called good is perfect, and what is called bad is just as


The vegetables and minerals are all perfect, and the imponderable

fluids are perfect;

Slowly and surely they have pass’d on to this, and slowly and surely

they yet pass on

I swear I think now that everything without exception has an eternal Soul!

The trees have, rooted in the ground! the weeds of the sea have! the


I swear I think there is nothing but immortality!

That the exquisite scheme is for it, and the nebulous float is for

it, and the cohering is for it;

And all preparation is for it! and identity is for it! and life and

materials are altogether for it!



  1. “To Think of Time” (Whitman) – First section read by Hans Ostrom.
  2. “Dust In the Wind” – Kansas
  3. “Time Stand Still” – Rush
  4. “Time” – Pink Floyd
  5. “I Will Follow You Into the Dark” – Death Cab for Cutie
  6. “1956 Vincent Black Lightning” – Richard Thompson
  7. “We Will All Go Together When We Go” – Tom Lehrer


  1. This post reminds me to go back and check out Death Cab for Cutie again.


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